If you require a dental procedure to repair a decayed, chipped, broken, or fractured tooth, your dentist will generally repair the area using a dental filling. A dental filling is a restorative material used to restore the function, integrity and form of missing tooth structure.
There are many dental filling materials to choose from, including the following:
Before the procedure takes place, your dentist or oral surgeon will use a local anesthetic to numb the area. Next, your dentist will remove the tooth decay using an air abrasion instrument, drill, or laser. Once all the decay is removed, the area will be thoroughly cleaned, getting rid of all bacteria. Your dentist can then safely fit your dental filling in the proper space. If the damage is near the root, your dentist may apply material to line and further protect the area from nerve decay. Finally, your dentist will polish the teeth that have been worked on to create sheen.
Your dentist can first evaluate your teeth and the surrounding tissues with a consultation using a dental probe to detect cavities. They also will take x-rays, and then determine whether dental fillings may be the right choice for you. If dental fillings are necessary, you and your dentist will determine which fillings will be used for your damaged tooth area.
You will want to take care of and maintain your dental filling. Practicing good oral hygiene, including daily brushing and flossing, remains key. A well-balanced diet, minimizing sugar intake can prevent plaque buildup. Also, take care in biting hard objects that can chip or cause damage, especially to your composite filling. Use a straw or minimize your coffee, tea, or red wine intake to prevent staining. Finally, contact your dentist if you feel strange when you bite down or notice any sharp edges. Your oral habits will help determine how long your dental filling will last.